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Nurse Specialist

Nurse Specialist

A nurse who has specifically trained to treat patients with a certain illness, such as neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), and can act as a consultant to help other medical professionals to treat patients.

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Noradrenaline

A chemical made by some nerve cells and in the adrenal gland. It can act as both a neurotransmitter and a hormone. Also called norepinephrine (USA).

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Nonfunctional NET

A NET that doesn’t release hormones. This type of NET may only cause symptoms when it grows. Most nonfunctional tumors are malignant (cancerous). Also called a nonsecretory NET.

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NT proBNP

A protein that can be measured in the blood and used to help detect and evaluate the risk of heart failure.

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Octreotide

A medicine used to treat NETs. Octreotide belongs to a group of drugs called somatostatin analogues. These are man-made proteins that are similar to a hormone in the body called somatostatin.

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Octreotide Scan

An imaging test used to find certain tumors, including NETs. Radioactive octreotide is injected into a vein and travels through the blood. A radiation-measuring device (gamma camera) detects the radioactive octreotide, and makes pictures showing where the tumor cells are in the body. Also called somatostatin receptor scintigraphy or SRS.

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Oncologist

A doctor that specialises in treating people with cancer.

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Pain Team

A specialist team of doctors and nurses who provide interventions and therapies for the management of pain, such as the pain associated with having neuroendocrine tumors (NETs).

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Palliative Care Team

A team of specialised doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who are trained to provide supportive care such as pain relief to people with long-term, terminal illnesses, particularly during the last days of life.

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Pancreas

An organ that produces hormones and enzymes that help your body digest food. The pancreas also produces the hormone insulin, which helps control the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

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Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (pNETs)

Tumors that form in hormone-making cells (islet cells) of the pancreas. These include functioning and non-functioning tumors.

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Pancreatic Polypeptide

A hormone produced by the pancreas. Levels of pancreatic polypeptides are high in the blood of people with pancreatic NETs (pNETS). Blood levels can therefore be used to diagnose and monitor pNETs.

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Pancreatic Tumors

Tumors that form in the pancreas. These may include pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. (pNETs)

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Pathologist

A physician who identifies diseases and conditions by studying the structure and characteristics of cells and tissues.

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Pellagra

A condition caused by low levels of niacin (a B vitamin) in your blood. Symptoms include diarrhea, scaly skin rash, mental confusion, and inflamed mucus membranes.

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Peptic Ulcer Disease

Also known as stomach ulcers. Peptic ulcer disease involves sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower oesophagus, or small intestine. Symptoms may include stomach pain, bloating, heartburn, and nausea or vomiting.

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Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT)

A therapy that delivers a small protein joined to a radioactive substance (radionuclide) to the surface of cancer cells. Also called hormone-delivered radiotherapy.

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Percutaneous Alcohol Injection

Used to treat liver cancer. This therapy involves the injection of pure alcohol through the skin and directly into cancer in the liver. The alcohol then kills the cancer by dehydrating the tissue and stopping its blood supply. Also known as a percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI).

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Percutaneous Cryoablation

A procedure that involves freezing cancer cells to kill them. A thin surgical instrument called a cryoprobe is inserted through the skin, directly into tumors to freeze them. After treatment, the body’s immune system gets rid of the dead tissue over a few weeks. Also known as cryotherapy or cryosurgery.

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Percutaneous Ethanol Injection

Used to treat liver cancer. This therapy involves the injection of pure alcohol through the skin and directly into cancer in the liver. The alcohol then kills the cancer by dehydrating the tissue and stopping its blood supply. Also known as a percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI).

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