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Malignant Tumors

Malignant Tumors

Malignant tumors are made up of cells that grow out of control. Cells in these tumors can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body.

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Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma

A NET found in the thyroid gland.

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Merkel Cell Carcinoma

A NET of the skin. A type of skin cancer.

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Metabolically Active Tumor

A term used to describe tumors that are actively growing and using the body’s energy resources.

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Metabolite

The by-product of a biochemical reaction within the body.

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Metastasis

A process that describes how cancer cells spread from one part of the body to another.

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Metastasize

To spread from one part of the body to another. The words “localized,” “regional,” and “distant,” are sometimes used to describe how much a NET has spread, or metastasized.

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MIBG Scan

An imaging test that uses the radiopharmaceutical metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) to help locate and diagnose certain types of cancer in the body.

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Molecules

A group of two or more atoms linked together by sharing electrons in a chemical bond. Molecules are the fundamental components of chemical compounds and are the smallest part of a compound that can participate in a chemical reaction.

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Mucosa

A membrane rich in mucous glands. The gastrointestinal mucosa lines the stomach and intestines, supplying support, protection, and nutrients.

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Multidisciplinary Team

Healthcare professionals from various clinical areas who can help to advise patients about the different aspects of their NETs care.

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Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN)

A rare, genetic condition that causes tumors to develop in endocrine glands, most commonly in the parathyroid glands, pituitary gland and the pancreas. People with MEN 1 have a high risk of developing NETs.

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NED (No Evidence of Disease)

A term that is used when examinations and tests can find no cancer in a person who has been treated for cancer, be it blood work and or scans. (NED) does not mean that the disease has been cured, since recurrence can not be entirely ruled out or predicted when recurrence will take place in the future.

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Neuroendocrine Cancer

A malignant tumor that starts in neuroendocrine cells. Malignant means that it can spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body.

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Neuroendocrine Cells

Cells that are distributed throughout a network in the body and make up the neuroendocrine system. Neuroendocrine cells release hormones into the blood that then regulate specific body functions, such as metabolism, growth and reproduction.

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Neuroendocrine System

A network of neuroendocrine cells that are distributed throughout the body.

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Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs)

Tumors that arise from cells of the endocrine (hormonal) and nervous systems. They most commonly occur in the gastrointestinal (digestive) system but they are also found in the pancreas, lung and the rest of the body.

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Neurofibromatosis Type 1

A genetic condition characterised by changes in skin colouring (pigmentation) and the growth of tumors along nerves in the skin, brain, and other parts of the body. People with neurofibromatosis type 1 have a high risk of developing NETs.

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Nueropeptide

A peptide neurotransmitter found in various parts of the brain. It is involved in vasodilation, hypotension, and pain perception. Levels of neurotensin in the blood can be used to detect and monitor NETs.

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Nuclear Medicine Physician

A specialist physician who used radioactive substances or radiopharmaceuticals to diagnose and treat disease. They perform techniques such as scintigraphy that is an imaging method used in the diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs).

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