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Hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia

The condition of having high levels of glucose (sugar) in your blood. Symptoms include dry mouth, thirst, frequent urination (including at night), blurry vision, and dry, itchy skin.

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Hypochlorhydria

The condition of having low levels of hydrochloric acid in your stomach. Symptoms include halitosis (bad breath), heartburn, bloating or belching, gas right after eating, and indigestion.

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Hypoglycemia

The condition of having low levels of glucose (sugar) in your blood. Symptoms include dizziness, headache, tiredness, and confusion.

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Hypokalemia

The condition of having low levels of potassium (salt) in your blood. It may be caused by diarrhea.

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Insulin

A hormone released by the pancreas that lowers glucose (sugar) levels in your blood.

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Interferon

A substance that can improve the body’s natural response to infections and other diseases. Interferons can help stop cancer cells from diving to form new cancer cell and can slow down the growth of tumors. The body normally produces interferon. It can also be made in the laboratory to treat cancer and other diseases.

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Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT)

Radiation therapy that is given during surgery.

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Irradiation

Also called total body irradiation (TBI)- This treatment method gives radiotherapy to the whole body. It uses high-energy radiation to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumors.

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Ki-67 Index

A protein used to diagnose and assess the prognosis of tumors including NETs. The Ki-67 index measures how much of this protein is present in cancer cells. The results may allow doctors to grade NETs, and predict how likely they are to grow or spread.

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Lanreotide

A medicine used for treating NETs. Lanreotide belongs to a group of drugs called somatostatin analogues. These are man-made proteins that are similar to a hormone in the body called somatostatin.

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Laparoscopy

A surgical procedure where a thin, lighted tube is inserted through an incision to inspect inside the body.

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Lesions

Areas of abnormal tissue that may or may not be cancerous.

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Lung NETs

Lung neuroendocrine tumors – an uncommon form of lung cancer caused by NETs. There are two grades (grade 1 and grade 2) of lung NETs depending on how quickly they grow.

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Lutetium-177

A substance that emits radiation (radionuclide) and is one of most commonly used radionuclides for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in treating NETs.

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Malignant Tumors

Malignant tumors are made up of cells that grow out of control. Cells in these tumors can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body.

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Metastasize

To spread from one part of the body to another. The words “localized,” “regional,” and “distant,” are sometimes used to describe how much a NET has spread, or metastasized.

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MIBG Scan

An imaging test that uses the radiopharmaceutical metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) to help locate and diagnose certain types of cancer in the body.

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NED (No Evidence of Disease)

A term that is used when examinations and tests can find no cancer in a person who has been treated for cancer, be it blood work and or scans. (NED) does not mean that the disease has been cured, since recurrence can not be entirely ruled out or predicted when recurrence will take place in the future.

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Neuroendocrine Cancer

A malignant tumor that starts in neuroendocrine cells. Malignant means that it can spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body.

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Neuroendocrine Cells

Cells that are distributed throughout a network in the body and make up the neuroendocrine system. Neuroendocrine cells release hormones into the blood that then regulate specific body functions, such as metabolism, growth and reproduction.

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