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Ulcer

Ulcer

A round sore where the lining of the stomach or duodenum has been eaten away by stomach acid and digestive juices.

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Ultrasound

A procedure that uses high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) to look at tissues and organs inside the body. Ultrasound scans are one of the main imaging techniques used for diagnosing and monitoring NETs. Ultrasound is also known as sonography.

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Unspecialized Cells

(Also known as stem cells) – These cells are present in babies still in the womb. They can turn into any kind of cell. The DNA in the cell determines the kind of cells they will become. The cells then grow and change shape, becoming specialized cells with specific jobs in the body.

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Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP)

A substance released by the pancreas that causes watery diarrhea. Levels of vaso-intestinal peptide can be measured in the blood to detect and monitor NETs.

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VIPoma

VIP stands for vasoactive intestinal peptide. A VIPoma is a tumor affecting tissue of the endocrine system, usually the pancreas.

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Von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome (VHL)

A genetic condition that causes blood vessels to grow abnormally. People with Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (VHL) have a high risk of developing NETs.

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Wheezing

A whistling sound made during breathing that happens when airways become partially blocked. Some tumors can squeeze an airway and cause the blocking.

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X-ray Therapy

A type of radiation therapy that uses high-energy radiation from X-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.

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Yttrium-90 (Y-90)

A substance that emits radiation (radionuclide) and is one of most commonly used radionuclides for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in treating NETs.

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Zebra

In medicine, the term “zebra” is used in reference to a rare disease or condition, like Neuroendocrine (NET) Cancers.In medical school, students are told, “When you hear hoof beats, think horses, not zebras.” Sometimes physicians need to look for a zebra.

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